Identity Governance; identity and access management is centrally managed policy-based. This concept emerged with the development of identity and access management discipline. In the IDM world, it points to a more mature IDM level.
Minimum Authority Principle (Least Privileges); adopts to equip an account with minimum powers to do this job in order to do a job.
Role Based Access Control(RBAC)
It is the study of uncovering job and technical role candidates by analyzing them after discovering the user access information.
Segregation of Duties
The Segregation(Seperation) of Duties principle, which is the concept of the need for more than one person to complete a task, in the world of Identity Governance; If a person has an authority, he/she is involved in the application that he/she cannot have any other authority that conflicts with that authority. Just like the same person cannot have both claimant and approver powers.